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Il grafico della settimana, 17-05-17

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Ne citato working paper, a pag. 13 si dice:

"Turning to workers’ characteristics, the age of men and women is similar within each sectorm (with men being on average older by 1–2 years), but the difference across sectors is sizeable: on average public sector employees are older by about 5–7 years. Other workers’ characteristics are reported in Table 3. The share of married individuals is higher amongst public sector employees than that in the private sector. More relevant to the wage process are education and job position. Public employees are better educated.7 The fraction of women with a graduate or post-graduate degree is 32% in the public sector as against 8% in the private sector; for men it is 23% and 7%, respectively. The educational gap is observed in all geographical areas, but is wider in Southern regions. As for job position, the vast majority of both men and women are white collar workers in the public sector (up to 92% of women and 81% of men in the South), and blue collar workers in the private sector, with relative frequencies changing widely across areas. As expected, the fraction of managers is the lowest in both sectors, both for men and for women: it is three times as much in the public sector than in the private sector for men (7% as against 2%); it is 3% in the public sector and negligible in the private sector for women. In general, in the public sector occupational positions seem more favourable than in the private sector in relation to educational attainments, above all for men and in the Southern regions. "

Quindi, nella tabella 4 si danno le differenze pubblico privato suddivise per colletti blu, colletti bianchi e manager, di due popolazioni di cui l'una (il pubblico) ha una età media maggiore di 5-7 anni e una percentuale di laureati 4 volte superiore.

Faccio anche notare che il working paper è del 2011, esattamente la data a partire dalla quale gli stipendi nel pubblico sono stati congelati al centesimo per 5 anni (è stato esattamente così, ve lo garantisco personalmente), insieme all'anzianità di carriera, e le liquidazioni/TFR sono state ritardate di due anni e date a rate.

La situazione oggi è molto diversa.

Sarebbe interessante vedere quanto guadagna, OGGI, a parità di condizioni, un medico nel pubblico e uno nel privato, un segretario d'ufficio nel pubblico e uno nel privato, un professore nel pubblico e uno nel privato.